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International arms intervention in Burma is most crucial and inevitable
by Rohingya Human Rights
2011-03-02 10:15:12
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The Panglong Conference held on 12th  February 1947, was an historic meeting that took place at Panglong in the Shan States in Burma between the Shan, Kachin and Chin ethnic minority leaders and general Aung San, head of the interim Burmese government. On the agenda was the united struggle for independence from Britain and the future of Burma after independence as a unified republic. The agreement accepted “ Full autonomy in internal administration for the frontier area”.

Burma obtained independence on 4th, January, 1948. But the independent hero of Burma, general  Aung San was assassinated by his military colleagues in 1947 just one year before the Independence. After the Independence the Democratic government of Burma was under pressure of  ethnic minorities because they wanted the government to take measures to implement Panglong agreement. According to the agreement they deserved for autonomy. The U Nu government already discussed with the ethnic minorities including the Rohingya in Arakan and took positive steps to implement the Panglong agreement. Mayu Frontier in Arakan was declared for exclusively Rohingyas. But unfortunately General  Ne Win leaded military seized power from him in 1962 and declined  the PangLong agreement and as well as Mayu frontier. Since then the ethnic groups such as Karen, Shan, Kachin,  etc., have been decided to accelerate their arms movement against military dictatorship, Ne Win and carrying on for about 50 years and the junta offending and retarding  them inhumanely. Recently  the ethnic Alliance vowed to strive for Federal Union ( Irrawaddy News ).

The junta burnt many villages of ethnic minorities during wars. To evade persecution of junta thousands of  Karen, Shan, Kachin, Rakhine, Rohingya ,  even Burman  fled to near by countries to shelter as refugees. The ethnic minorities including Rohingyas are being faced racial and religious discrimination and junta introduced “divide and rule” policy in such areas. Junta rejected citizenship of Rohingyas by introducing citizenship Act-1982. Many times the military executed massacre across the country.

Silent killing is a routine work of barbaric SPDC. Junta killed hundreds of ethnic people such as Karen, Shan etc were  on way to nearby countries. The main opposition party NLD won the 1990 election. But junta denied to accept the result. Rather the elected parliamentary members including NLD chief  Nobel laureate Daw Aung San Suukyi were put in jails for several years without proper allegations. The only political party ( NDPH ) of Rohingya Muslims  which won 4 seats in 1990-election was banned and its chief Master Anowar (a ) Kyaw Man and his family members were imprisoned without judicial proceeding.

As a Democratic reform amid international pressure, Junta trickfully held a general election in November,2010 in which the main opposition party, NLD was not allowed to contest and the symbolic opposition leader Daw Aung Suu Kyi was kept under house arrest. This election is only an eye wash. Junta was successful to organize some ethnic groups to vote SPDC by alluring in various ways. For example, in Arakan junta successfully organized the Rohingyas by alluring that they will be recognized as citizens of Burma and red cards ( National Cards) will be provided  them and all the restrictions imposed on Rohingyas earlier will be lifted after election.

That’s why the Rohingyas worked attentively for SPDC during the period of election campaign and voted  in favour of SPDC. But after the election, no commitment of hypocrate junta is met, rather persecution on Rohingyas is intensifying  more than ever  caused the leaving of Rohingya youth for Malaysia by risky sea route is increasing more than ever. They are victims of  inequality and in-justice. But they are compelled to shut mouth.  Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was released after election. But she becomes like a boat without engine because her party, NLD is inactive and unable to revive due to imposing severe restriction on its activities. After the election persecution in the areas of revolutionary groups is significantly increased. That’s why the vulnerable 84,000 Karen people are going to summit a signed petition to the world leaders including Ban Ki Moon ( Irrawaddy News 28th February,2011) to take steps to protect them from the brutality of junta.

The other ethnic minorities expressed their solidarity with this petition.The current popular uprising of  Egypt impacted  in other countries where the dictatorships have been  sucking  blood of general public  for decades caused erupting war between the general public and the dictatorship in Libya and other nearby Arab countries. It is learnt that  some western country are  examining the need of arms intervention in Libya to protect the revolutionary people. International pressure on Muammar Qaddafi to end his crackdown on opponents escalated Monday as his loyalists closed in on rebel-held cities nearest the capital. The US moved naval and air forces closer to Libya and said all options were open, including the use of warplanes to patrol the North African nation’s skies and protect citizens threatened by their leader ( Arab News Feb.01.2011 ).

However,  Human Rights violation in Burma reached out of tolerance and the people of Burma are passing their life like prisoners and they have no guarantee of life. To erupt an uprising like the in-fructuous uprising1988 without international cooperation will never achieve the political goal.  That’s why I believe that the only international arms intervention in Burma can  de-root the tyrant military dictatorship and the political issue of Burma will be solved for ever. So, international  arms intervention in Burma is most crucial and inevitable.

*The Panglong Agreement, 1947 in Burmese and English inc. photos, New Era Journa
*The Irrawaddy News ( February, 2011 publication )
*Arab News ( February 1, 2011 )
*Independence or Federalism Harn Yawnghwe, Chinland Guardian, April 9 2005


Nurul Islam

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