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Eureka: Pecha kucha on the new art of politics
by Joseph Gatt
2018-08-01 05:04:08
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20 chapters, 20 seconds per chapter on the new art of politics.

Four types of political systems

You have failed states where it's not clear who the leaders are and what the leaders are supposed to be doing. You have the militarized system where government officials have a strict hierarchy and no job description that is they are a rank and do what their superiors tell them to do. You have the tribal system where government officials are appointed by the leading tribe, and there are no clear criteria on who should be appointed to what position other than tribal criteria. And there are free societies, where government officials follow a party line, and are chosen based on their understanding and ability to deliver the party line.

poli01_400Politics in the illiterate world

In the illiterate world, politicians don't need to elaborate platforms or important speeches because no one will understand them. In the illiterate world politicians are part of the literate elite and in some cases are illiterate themselves. Politicians tend to improvise in the illiterate world, and mainly trust an army to protect and defend them and their interests.

Politics in the moderately literature world

In the moderately literate world, politicians use vague speeches full of complicated words to compensate for a speech devoid of meaning. Political platforms tend to use vague terminology, and the press focuses on politicians themselves rather than on their future goals or their platform. That is journalism is in tabloid format and focuses on the politician's anger management issues, absences or on their children's weddings.

Politics in the literate world

In the literate world political parties tend to have more or less clear platforms that are on nationalist lines, on ethnic lines, on religious lines or on social protection lines. Each member of the literate society tends to side with the political party who best defends their interests, and voters can feel betrayed if politicians side with other people's interests rather than the interests they are supposed to represent.

Local politics

In failed states, there tend to be no local government or representative, the only government is the central government although some failed states have tribal leaders. In militarized states, local politics are like army barracks where you can pick up paperwork but certainly cannot run for election without authorization, although you may get a job as a public servant and go up the ranks. In tribal societies, the tribe decides who the leader will be and the tribal leader will make sure paperwork is delivered but will rarely legislate on the environment, the economy or society. In free societies local government takes care of paperwork, but also legislate on the environment, the economy or society.

Regional politics

In failed states there are no regional politics although the central government may send a representative to represent them in the region. In militarized states regional government is the joint forces barracks for all local governments, and gives orders to local government. In tribal states, regional politics are about implementing the central government's economic, social or environmental policies. In free states, the regional government discusses with local governments who to implement economic, social and environmental politicizes.

National politics

In failed states there is no real national government, governments are only set up to deal with local warlords and foreign aid agencies. In free states, national governments obey decade-old traditions where power is shared equally among different members and branches of the government. In tribal societies, the leading tribe takes most decisions and a lot of government officials are puppets. In militarized societies, government officials are ranked and must obey the orders of higher ranking people and distribute orders among lower-ranking people.

Politics and the military

In failed states, militias defend the state and there is no clear military hierarchy. Anyone with a gun can shoot. In free states, the military informs the government of action it is taken, but decides autonomously, as lower-ranking soldiers make suggestions and higher-ranking soldiers decide how to implement them. In tribal societies, the military is an extension of the political tribe. Tribal leaders form platoons that are led by a member of the tribe and mix members of other tribes. In militarized societies, the military is part of the hierarchy, in some cases higher than some government officials, in other cases lower than some government officials.

Politics and the environment

In failed societies, there is no environmental policy. In free societies, each member of society, be it individuals, corporations, the financial system or the government, interact and exchange ideas on how to protect the environment, while preserving the interests of individuals, households and the financial system. In tribal societies, only tribal property will be protected from environmental hazards, while the property of other tribes will not be protected. In militarized societies, the government takes token gestures on the environment, as if one gesture on the environment would save the entire environment.

Politics and the political system

In failed societies, there is no constitution and government officials are not elected or chosen in a clear way. In militarized societies, elected officials are chosen based on their rank, financial power, obedience, and ability to be manipulated by higher-ranking officials. In tribal societies, tribal leaders are chosen, or in some cases leaders who transcend tribalism can be chosen. In free societies, politicians have to convince the public that they are skilled politicians so they can be elected.

Politics and the economy

In failed societies, there is no economy to speak of, and failed societies sell what they can to make currency. If they have oil they sell oil, if they have beautiful women they sell beautiful women. In militarized societies, the economy has a hierarchy, and top-ranked businesses control everything from household finance to corporations to the financial market. In tribal societies, a group of loyal members of the tribe are allowed to be economically active, while others are left out of the economy. In free societies everyone can participate freely in the economy, and rules allow everyone to be an equal member of the economic sphere.

Politics and society

In failed societies, people are left to defend themselves on their own. In militarized societies, higher-ranking people decide how society behaves, and micromanages society. In tribal societies, societies are grouped by tribe and do not interact with other tribes. In free societies, societies interact freely and there are no orders from the government or institutions on how society should behave.

Offensive politics, defensive politics, laissez-faire politics

In failed societies, warlords can be offensive, as they can extort from businesses or bully society. In militarized societies, a lot of the policy making tends to be offensive, that is to break polices and politicians, the economy and economic agents or society, rather than to allow it to thrive. In tribal societies politics tends to be economically offensive and try to break business, while being laissez-faire when it comes to society, or in some cases offensive toward rival tribes. In free societies, policy making tends to be defensive or laissez-faire, that is defend against threats and allow society to thrive.

Different types of politicians

You have offensive politicians, defensive politicians and laissez-faire politicians. Offensive politicians threaten to break the economy and society and mold it into an ideal economy and society, and in some cases break the political and military system to fashion it to its own taste. Defensive politicians claim to protect the interests of the economy and society. Laissez-faire politicians believe there is nothing to fix about society or the economy, and that politicians should allow societies or the economy to thrive.

Different types of political parties

Again you have offensive political parties, defensive political parties, political parties who defend limited interests, and laissez-faire political parties. Offensive political parties constantly threaten to change political, economic and social life. Defensive political parties promise to defend political, economic and social life from offensive forces. Parties who defend limited interests promise to defend the interests of parts of the political system, the economy and society and to leave the rest to laissez-faire. Laissez-faire political parties believe there is no point in interfering with political, economic or social life.

Different types of governments and national assemblies

Again you have offensive governments and national assemblies, defensive governments and national assemblies and laissez-faire governments and national assemblies. Offensive political institutions make laws that break politicians, economic agents and society. Defensive political institutions vote laws that defend politicians, economic agents and society. Laissez-faire institutions allow politicians, economic agents and society to define its own laws.

Different types of judiciary systems

You have offensive judiciary systems, defensive judiciary systems and laissez-faire judiciary systems. Offensive judiciary systems punish politicians, economic agents and members of society for misbehaving. Defensive judiciary systems defend politicians, economic agents and members of society who were victims. Laissez-faire judicial systems only intervene when necessary, and allow the political system the economic system and society to self-regulate.

Politics in good times and in troubled times

In free societies, everyone knows when they are good times and when they are bad times. In tribal societies, politics are only considered to be troubled if the leading tribe is in trouble, otherwise there is no mention of trouble. In militarized societies, being in troubled times can lead you to be fired or demoted, so you always pretend like you are in good times, and if you are in troubled times, you scapegoat someone.

Politics and the media

In free societies the media describes what politicians are doing and adds commentary. In tribal societies, the media is owned by the leading tribe and portrays the leading tribe in a positive light. In militarized societies the media is owned by high-ranking people and high-ranking people are portrayed in a positive light.

How politics evolves and grows

In free societies, elections are held frequently to determine whether political life is being well-governed or whether government should change. In tribal societies, only when rival tribes get organized is there political change. In militarized societies, only when high-ranking officials start offending each other repeatedly is there political change.

Common mistakes in politics

-Policy mistakes: you take offensive action against politicians, economic agents or members of society and underestimate their ability to get back at you.

-Casting errors: you thought you chose the right people to hold important positions, only to realize that they are not up to the task.
-Timing errors: you vote new laws, only to realize that you should have waited because people were not ready. 

-Borrowing the wrong policies: if a policy works in a certain country, you borrow the policy and try to make it work in your country. Except that the policy backfires. 

-Focus errors: you focus on one area of policy and forget to focus on other areas of policy. 

-Focusing too much on the short term: you plan for the year, and forget to plan for the decade. Your country does not know where it's headed. 

-Focusing too much on the long term: you plan for the next ten years but forget to plan for the year. People can't go ten years without eating and drinking.

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