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Rome founded Rome founded
by The Ovi Team
2016-04-21 09:57:47
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rome_400_01April 21st; According to tradition, on April 21, 753 B.C., Romulus and his twin brother, Remus, found Rome on the site where they were suckled by a she-wolf as orphaned infants. Actually, the Romulus and Remus myth originated sometime in the fourth century B.C., and the exact date of Rome's founding was set by the Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro in the first century B.C.

According to the legend, Romulus and Remus were the sons of Rhea Silvia, the daughter of King Numitor of Alba Longa. Alba Longa was a mythical city located in the Alban Hills southeast of what would become Rome. Before the birth of the twins, Numitor was deposed by his younger brother Amulius, who forced Rhea to become a vestal virgin so that she would not give birth to rival claimants to his title. However, Rhea was impregnated by the war god Mars and gave birth to Romulus and Remus. Amulius ordered the infants drowned in the Tiber, but they survived and washed ashore at the foot of the Palatine hill, where they were suckled by a she-wolf until they were found by the shepherd  Faustulus.

Reared by Faustulus and his wife, the twins later became leaders of a band of young shepherd warriors. After learning their true identity, they attacked Alba Longa, killed the wicked Amulius, and restored their grandfather to the throne. The twins then decided to found a town on the site where they had been saved as infants. They soon became involved in a petty quarrel, however, and Remus was slain by his brother. Romulus then became ruler of the settlement, which was named "Rome" after him.

To populate his town, Romulus offered asylum to fugitives and exiles. Rome lacked women, however, so Romulus invited the neighboring Sabines to a festival and abducted their women. A war then ensued, but the Sabine women intervened to prevent the Sabine men from seizing Rome. A peace treaty was drawn up, and the communities merged under the joint rule of Romulus and the Sabine king, Titus Tatius. Tatius' early death, perhaps perpetrated by Romulus, left the Roman as the sole king again. After a long and successful rule, Romulus died under obscure circumstances. Many Romans believed he was changed into a god and worshipped him as the deity Quirinus. After Romulus, there were six more kings of Rome, the last three believed to be Etruscans. Around 509 B.C., the Roman republic was established.

Another Roman foundation legend, which has its origins in ancient Greece, tells of how the mythical Trojan Aeneas founded Lavinium and started a dynasty that would lead to the birth of Romulus and Remus several centuries later. In the Iliad, an epic Greek poem probably composed by Homer in the eighth century B.C., Aeneas was the only major Trojan hero to survive the Greek destruction of Troy. A passage told of how he and his descendants would rule the Trojans, but since there was no record of any such dynasty in Troy, Greek scholars proposed that Aeneas and his followers relocated.

In the fifth century B.C., a few Greek historians speculated that Aeneas settled at Rome, which was then still a small city-state. In the fourth century B.C., Rome began to expand within the Italian peninsula, and Romans, coming into greater contact with the Greeks, embraced the suggestion that Aeneas had a role in the foundation of their great city. In the first century B.C., the Roman poet Virgil developed the Aeneas myth in his epic poem the Aeneid, which told of Aeneas' journey to Rome. Augustus, the first Roman emperor and emperor during Virgil's time, and Julius Caesar, his great-uncle and predecessor as Roman ruler, were said to be descended from Aeneas.


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Emanuel Paparella2013-04-21 13:46:41
Indeed, the narrative of most political entities is laced with imaginative myths. Since most myths cannot be proven empirically, the logical positivist calls them primitive and barbaric, even a falsehood to be shunned. And yet Freud sees a higher truth in those ancient Greek myths which he uses to lay the foundations of his science of psychology. So myth turns out to be a double edge sword, it can be used for good if one returns to the origins and discovers something new, to wit Italian Opera which in attempting to go back to the origins of Greek drama invents something new; or it can be used for evil when it is devoid of rationality and used to enhance racism and xenophobia, to wit Mussolini and his myth of the descendants from the Romans reconstructing the Roman Empire, or Golden Dawn using ancient Greek myths to assert the superiority of the Greek race over the oi polloi or the illegal or even legal immigrants. It is how it is used that makes all the difference. Perhaps, just as in the case of the two cultures (as described by Harnold, Huxley and Snow) the solution lies in a synthesis of myth and rationality, both the xenophobe and the logical positivist err by going to extremes and ignoring the classical Greek harmony: the former uses myth devoid of rationality, to wit Mr. Pappas who is called an intellectual of the right, and the latter uses rationality devoid of the poetical and the mythical thus ending up in the rationalization of things that ought never be rationalized. In the middle there is the Aristotelian life of virtue.

Thanos2013-04-21 14:01:55
Emanuel, these people have absolutely no idea what they are talking about. in the next few days I'm going to write a series of articles for Ovi and everywhere I write for about them. They try to re-write history using stories and theories that not included even in Greek mythology. Just to give you an example, you might don't know. Christ was Greek!!! And they can prove it!!! And they are serious when they say it.
But as I wrote somewhere else they have infiltrated schools and they recruit 14 and 16 years old. They have actually created day cares and evening "schools" for young kids to start the brain washing. Their excuse? Schools are full of ...immigrants!!!

Emanuel Paparella2013-04-21 15:43:10
Ah, that’s a good one, as they say in computerese lol: Christ was a Greek and therefore, logically, there is no need to worship any longer the personal providential God of Israel, of Abraham, Jacob and Isaac; for God himself is Greek, or Italian or Australian for that matter. Deja Jew: the Jews or perhaps the Moslerms now are the illegal immigrants of Europe bringing in a false god into the continent. So now we have a new excuse for anti-Semitism. We are purifying the Christian religion of Jewish impurities and declaring it pure Greek-Orthodox and universal (i.e., catholic) open to all xenophobes and racists of good faith who wish to join it. Sounds a bit crazy and absurd to me but clever nevertheless, one must concede. As the Brits like to quip: clever by half, but not very intelligent and certainly not truthful. But the truth shall make us free and that's where the humble pen comes in, trumping the mighty sword. Keep up the good work, Thanos.

Leah Sellers2013-04-21 20:07:41
I have always found this to be a very disturbing myth, which included many of the corner stone themes within some of the Old Testament, and even Gilgamesh.
Rome, a great city which gave birth to a great civiliztion based upon the themes of Violence, War, Betrayal, Theft, Rape, Abandonment, Avarice, Murder (one brother killing another brother, or one realtive killing another relative, or one friend killing another friend...etc.), and the destructive usages and abuses of and lusts for Power.
What a Foundation to Build Great Nations upon. And then We the People Wonder and Ponder why they Fall ?
We Can Be So Much More and so much Better. Now is the Time for Better Understandings and Strivings for All Peoples.

Emanuel Paparella2013-04-21 23:50:48
Indeed, the way Mussolini utilized the myth of Rome’s origin, it ended up doing more harm than good. On the other hand many modern nations were also built on dangerous mythological narratives. It would be enough to think of Western colonialism and imperialism. The Greeks and the Romans had exalted principles of freedom and democracy and republicanism but did not have the idea of inalienable rights which is a Christian idea… and so they saved themselves from hypocrisy by tolerating slavery. That applies to Plato and Aristotle too. In our country, on the other hand, we placed in the Constitution the idea that all men are created equal and they are all born with inalienable rights but then some of the founding fathers (the very same who wrote the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution) hypocritically kept their slaves. And so what looked so ideal and good on paper became a mere myth devoid of respect for the truth of the facts. One of those facts was that rationally slavery contradicted what was declared in the Constitution. And so we needed a civil war some 80 years later to settle the matter once and for all.

Emanuel Paparella2015-04-21 16:25:52
Two years later what was discussed then still appears valid. It is better to conceive a myth out of the existential situation of man with a flawed human nature still to be perfected, than to base it upon a non-existent reality that a country is born perfect from the beginning and needs to perfecting. I am afraid that the ancients (who never said that freedom in an inalienable right) come out looking better than us moderns in that respect. Inalienable rights have to be respected in practice and not just on paper. On paper they remain principles to be realized and make those who don't practice them to be suspected of hypocrisy.

Emanuel Paparella2016-04-21 10:49:20
And a year later what was said three years ago is still relevant, albeit some may misguidedly call it zealotry.

Myths are an interpretation of reality and to take them literally and utilize them for political purposes is to distort truth itself and end up with a corrupting propaganda parading as "enlightenment." Aristotle, and Freud and Campbell ought to have taught as much: one sublimates via art what cannot be morally done (perform a murder on stage for example) which then one may call a falsehood or a lie because it never happened in reality but revealing however a deeper truth than mere listing of historical events devoid of meaning.

Indeed a synthesis is needed to save us from the "modern" extremists and the fanatics parading as super-patriots.

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