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The fighting between Al Qaeda and USA, outside law and Human rights. The fighting between Al Qaeda and USA, outside law and Human rights.
by Abdullah A. Ali Sallam
2013-01-24 08:58:48
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USA …More fighting with Al Qaeda more innocents killed.

Since the bombing of the USS Cole in Yemen in 2002, the USA has opened an orifice which has lead to cooperation with many sectors in Yemen society. These new horizons are with military, civil society, tribes and the private sector.

Following the Cole bombing and the al-Qaeda-led attacks on September 11, 2001, the Bush administration pushed the Saleh government to begin aggressive counterterrorism operations against al-Qaeda in Yemen . Washington also dispatched Special Forces and intelligence personnel to Yemen to aid the campaign.

The United States paid little attention to Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) 1  and Yemen in general, until the attacks on the USS Cole and the events of 9/11.The Obama administration ordered a major review of U.S. policy toward Yemen that led to a three-fold strategy: focusing on combating AQAP in the short term, increasing development assistance in the long term, and organizing international support for stabilization efforts.

Consider 2002 was the beginning of continual attack and retreat between USA and Al Qaida, The United States began its  interest in Yemen, providing logistical and humanitarian support for many sectors and started using the so-called soft power cultural indoctrination approach.

Also,2002 was the same year when the United States established a detention camp in Cuba. Since the camp was opened eight detainees have died while in custody -- six from suicides and the other two from natural causes. The most recent death was in 2011,The last one was Abdu Latif  from Yemen, there are now 167 detainees at the camp, which at its height held 779 detainees. One third of the detainees (80 men)still at Guantanamo are Yemenis.

Since the USS Cole incident, the US has provided  funds to Yemen which resulted in cooperation and support to several programs, projects and activities. A lot of support came through American International NGO USAID and several other fundraising for NGOs. This is another way the US uses soft power to fight Qaida in Yemen. Interestingly USAID is focusing its most fund in limited cities in Yemen so-called axis of evil (Marib,Shabwa,Albeda’a,Abian and AlGwf) because these cities are considered as hotbed of violence and Qaeda to do many activities. Its fund reached more than100 million Dollars.

On the other hand, more than half of what the United States is providing this year, $185 million, is for political transition, humanitarian, and development assistance. $117 million is for humanitarian relief, making the United States the single largest provider of humanitarian support to Yemen. In addition, the United States provided $31 million in security assistance to Yemen in 2011.It plans to provide roughly $47 million from Department of State-funded security assistance in 2012, as well as $112 million from Department of Defence-funded programs to train and equip the Yemeni security forces to conduct counterterrorism operations.

Seemingly rising of funds flowing into Yemen has allowed the US to use Yemeni territories freely with their drones and killed people. Despite drones killing prominent leaders in Yemen, these deaths have bolstered the popularity of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and the affiliated terrorist networks which have tried to stage attacks on U.S. soil several times. Also there are nonstop kidnappings and recently two Finns and an Austrian in central Sana’a have been snatched, just a few meters east of the Presidential Palace. Also ,Qaida in Yemen is still holding a Swiss woman and a Saudi diplomat.

The first strike, on Sept. 30 2011 , killed a group of people including Anwar al-Awlaki, a radical Muslim cleric who was born in New Mexico, and Samir Khan, a naturalized US citizen who lived at times in New York and North Carolina. The second, Oct. 14, killed a group of people including Awlaki’s 16-year-old son, Abdulrahman, who was born in Colorado.

In this respect US congressman Dennis Kucinich has called for Congress oversight of the drone programme. Speaking in House of Representatives, Congressman Kucinich said I am very concerned about the shift that occurred in our national security policy, where the Central Intelligence Agency has increasingly played a very powerful paramilitary role with the execution of drone strikes. There are many innocent civilians being killed by drone strikes. There’s a lack of accountability here. And there have been studies that suggest, for example, in Yemen that drone strikes are stirring up anti-American sentiment to the point where al-Qaeda is actually being empowered. According to The Washington Post, the Obama administration is working on efforts to institutionalize the practice of targeted killings by unmanned drones abroad. The volume of these killings challenges the morality and the legality of the attacks.

Unfortunately Despite the big number killing of innocents, the reason the people in Yemen do not have awareness to sue defence and present suits in local or international courts .But there are just Families of three Americans killed in drone attacks in Yemen last year have sued defence Secretary Leon Panetta, CIA Director David Petraeus and two top special operations forces commanders.

The lawsuit, which seeks unspecified damages, was filed by Nasser Awlaki, who was Anwar’s father and Abdulrahman’s grandfather, and Sarah Khan, Samir’s mother. Lawyers with the American Civil Liberties Union and the Center for Constitutional Rights are assisting them.

The relatives are "asking for an acknowledgment from the U.S government that it was involved in these strikes and an explanation from the U.S government for why it did what it did," said Jameel Jaffer, the ACLU's deputy legal director. He added the groups seek to convince the court that tighter rules must be placed on targeted killings outside clear-cut battlefields.

The lawsuit alleges that the killings of the three American citizens were unlawful because they took place at a time when the US was not engaged in an armed conflict in Yemen. As well as the suit also argues that the targeted-killing programs that hunt alleged terrorists in Yemen and elsewhere, outside clear-cut battlefields such as Afghanistan, violate international law, moreover the suit, in the US District Court here, opened a new chapter in the legal battle about the Obama administration’s use of drones to pursue terror suspects away from traditional ‘‘hot’’ battlefields such as Afghanistan.

But a district court judge threw out the case , leaving open the question of whether the government has the right to kill Americans abroad without a trial.

On other hand Attorney General Eric Holder defended the Obama administration's policy of targeted assassinations of U.S. citizens linked to terrorism by saying the Constitution does not protect Americans suspected of plotting to kill their countrymen.

In defence of the targeted kill operations, government lawyers say Congress authorized the use of all “necessary and appropriate” force against Al Qaeda and associated groups. This seems clear sign to threw out the any case from this kind issues in future.  

Legal experts say the suit faces long odds in reaching trial because the courts have been reluctant to second-guess sensitive national-security decisions. But with its focus on American victims, the suit raises a contentious element that could attract attention in an election year.

Public outrage is also growing as calls for accountability, transparency and compensation go unanswered amid allegations by human rights activists and lawmakers that the government is trying to cover up the attack to protect its relationship with Washington. Even senior Yemeni officials said they fear that the backlash could undermine their authority.

Protesters in Yemen expressed outrage over a recent spike in US drone attacks which killed, according to witnesses, many civilian bystanders in addition to the likely targets.

Also Dozens of protesters in the southern town of Redaa staged a sit-in at a government administration building in reaction to at least five deadly attacks in the last ten days.

One protester said "If the authorities don't stop the American attacks then we will occupy the government institutions in the town," .

On the other hand, Al-Qaida's representatives in Yemen has offered to pay tens of thousands of dollars to anyone who kills the U.S. ambassador in Sana’a or an American soldier in the country. An audio produced by the group's media arm, al-Malahem Foundation, and posted on militant websites on Saturday said it offered three kilograms of gold worth $160,000 for killing the ambassador, Gerald Feierstein.The group said it will pay 5 million Yemeni riyals ($23,000) to anyone who kills an American soldier inside Yemen.It said the offer is valid for six months. 3

In Yemen AlQaeda had been beginning by The returning Yemenis were joined by some Arab veterans of the Afghan war.  A corps of jihadists who had trained under bin Laden in Afghanistan formed the militant group known as Islamic Jihad in Yemen (1990-1994), one of several jihadist predecessors to AQAP . Other such groups include the Army of Aden Abyan (1994-1998) and al-Qaeda in Yemen. At the same time they had gotten strong support by Saleh regime (1994) to battle secessionist forces in the south.

As Al Qaeda grew and developed more of an infrastructure in Yemen in 2007 and 2008 it started to expand its targeting, moving from local targets to regional ones and finally to international ones. As you track the attacks and compare it to the group’s public statements a pattern emerges in which Al Qaeda sets itself a goal and then attempts to match its actions to its rhetoric.

In late 2008, a successful crackdown by the Saudi government led remnants of the local al-Qaeda franchise to flee across the border and unite with the resurgent jihad in Yemen. By 2009, the two branches merged formally under the banner of AQAP .

Then in January 2009, al-Qaeda’s division in Saudi Arabia merged with its Yemeni wing to form al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. Centered in Yemen.

In December 2009, AQAP had roughly 200 to 300 members and controlled no territory. Today it has over 1,000 members .Al Qaeda-linked militants began seizing territory in the southern Abyan province 2011 spring, solidifying their control over the town of Jaar in April before taking the provincial capital, Zinjibar.

in early 2011,the first time we heard the name Ansar al-Sharia  , announced that Ansar al-Sharia was the name Al Qaeda used to introduce itself to people in Yemen then it had adopting the name Ansar al-Sharia has basically been a rebranding attempt. Just as bin Laden realized that the name “Al Qaeda” had become in Arabic almost a byword for terror, so too did AQAP come to the conclusion that the name Al Qaeda had too much negative baggage associated with it.

 during 2011 until now  Ansar al-Sharia (a band of Al Qaeda militants ) who have taken advantage of the weak central government ,the country's poor economy, demography and political turmoil roiling the nation for the past year  they have enabled seized full control of a town 100 miles south of the Yemeni capital Sana’a, overrunning army positions, storming the local prison and freeing at least 150 inmates.

Accordingly, the fighting between Qaida and USA will not be through soft power but rather through hard power and outside law and Human rights while the victims are the innocents. Moreover, the Yemeni Government and non Government organizations silence encourage killing by both parties. Apparently, the fighting between Qaida and USA in Yemen will carry on because the way used to kill people by drones encourages tribesmen to join with Qaida and therefore lead to more innocent’s bloodshed. So all of these things are pointing to these assassinations as being illegal, extrajudicial executions and it is not too surprising that Yemen is complicit in this; clearly it benefits them.

******************************************************************************

Sources:

Al-Qaeda "The Base" is a global militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden at some point between August 1988 and late 1989, with its origins being traceable to the Soviet War in Afghanistan. It operates as a network comprising both a multinational, stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad and a wrong interpretation of sharia law. It has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United Nations Security Council, NATO, theEuropean Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, and various other countries

US Government Assistance to Yemen

http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2012/08/196136.htm

Yemen: Al-Qaida Offers Bounty for US Ambassador

http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/wireStory/yemen-al-qaida-offers-bounty-us-ambassador-18095948#.UOkFlUXFWf8

 

 


      
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Murray Hunter2013-01-24 09:13:31
Congratulations on your insightful article and highlighting the oppression and murder imposed upon the Yemeni people by foreign interests. We are now seeing the same thing occurring in mali. I think the important point here is that the US is actually promoting the young to take up arms and join the ranks of the so called "terroists" or are they "freedom fighters" from their self point of view and as a consequence the effectiveness of the "war on terror" should be analysed beyond the idea that this war has prevented another 9/11. There are indeed issues of poverty and the human right of a person not to be killed by some remote drone.


Emanuel Paparella2013-01-24 14:42:55
Mr. Sallam, can you think of a war, hot or cold, fought with soft or hard power, from the beginning fought with stones and arrows till the end with atom bombs, where the victims more often than not were not the innocent civilian bystanders, mostly women and children?

Indeed, if we are to find a humane solution, then the very concept of war needs to be rethought and we need to work for justice and fairness. William James wrote an essay on the Moral Alternative to War which bears rereading.

In any case, lest we forget, on September 11, 2001, close to three thousand innocent civilians were intentionally and brutally targeted and massacred by Al Qaeda. And we are not talking here of collateral unintended damage as a battle progresses in the theater of war. No, it was a calculated barbaric targeting of innocent civilians, not dissimilar from rounding up civilian population (those considered undesirable) and bringing them to exterminatiing concentration camps. We call those acts of terror, not to be dignified not even with the word war, cold or hot, soft or hard, as repulsive as war itself may be to most people, not excluding those who have fought them.

Yes, by all means let’s corageously call war and its ravages and consequences what they truly are, let's look for alternatives, let’s affirm that two wrong do not make a right, that inalienable human rights are not granted, they are inherited by the mere fact that one is human, but let us also make important distinctions such as intended and non intended consequences, and call a spade a spade lest we run the risk of leaving the door open to what Vico called “the barbarism of the intellect,” an ethical "sickness unto death" of modern ideological fanatical rationalism devoid of feelings and compassion.


Emanuel Paparella2013-01-24 23:49:03
http://www.constitution.org/wj/meow.htm

P.S. The above link will take the inquisitive reader to the above mentioned essay on war by William James titled The Moral Equivalent of War (1906).


Abdullah Sallam 2013-01-26 13:17:01
Dear Paparella .. let's acknowledge .. U.S.A and Saudia Arabia had made ALQaida in 1988 in the Soviet War in Afghanistan so U.S has Killed people two times when U.S made ALQaida and fighting them


Thanos2013-01-26 15:44:30
Abdullah unfrtunate facts agree with you and even though American administrations will never agree Bin Laden was their creation.


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