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Human Rights Day Human Rights Day
by The Ovi Team
2017-12-10 07:01:47
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December 10th, Human Rights Day presents an opportunity, every year, to celebrate human rights, highlight a specific issue, and advocate for the full enjoyment of all human rights by everyone everywhere.

rights01This year, the spotlight is on the rights of all people — women, youth, minorities, persons with disabilities, indigenous people, the poor and marginalized — to make their voices heard in public life and be included in political decision-making.

These human rights — the rights to freedom of opinion and expression, to peaceful assembly and association, and to take part in government (articles 19, 20 and 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) have been at the centre of the historic changes in the Arab world over the past two years, in which millions have taken to the streets to demand change. In other parts of the world, the “99%” made their voices heard through the global Occupy movement protesting economic, political and social inequality.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted on 10 December 1948. The date has since served to mark Human Rights Day worldwide. The High Commissioner for Human Rights, as the main UN rights official, and her Office play a major role in coordinating efforts for the yearly observance of Human Rights Day.

The UDHR: the foremost statement of the rights and freedoms of all human beings

The Declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, consists of a preamble and 30 articles, setting out a broad range of fundamental human rights and freedoms to which all men and women, everywhere in the world, are entitled, without any distinction.

The Declaration was drafted by representatives of all regions and legal traditions. It has over time been accepted as a contract between governments and their peoples. Virtually all states have accepted it. The Declaration has also served as the foundation for an expanding system of human rights protection that today focuses also on vulnerable groups such as disabled persons, indigenous peoples and migrant workers.

The Most Universal Document in the World

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has been awarded the Guinness World Record for having collected, translated and disseminated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights into more than 380 languages and dialects: from Abkhaz to Zulu. The Universal Declaration is thus the most translated document - indeed, the most "universal" one in the world.



     
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Emanuel Paparella2012-12-10 13:32:16
Confronted with a list of universal human rights Rousseau would probably applaud enthusiastically but I wonder if he would revise his famous dictum: “man is born free but is everywhere in chains.” What Rousseau was getting at, I suppose, is that the idea of human rights is promulgated by the same man who enslaves others and even himself and therefore it belongs in Utopia. Indeed, it all sounds pretty hopeless until one reflects on one simpler idea underlying the idea of human rights, that those rights are inalienable, that is to say, they are not granted by man to man; man is born and is endowed with them; they are integral part of human nature and therefore no government or community or individual or institution on earth can grant them or take them away without loss of truthfulness, honesty and honor.


Emanuel Paparella2014-12-10 23:52:08
How ironic that while we celebrate Human Rights Day we in the US, on that same day, are involved in an acrimonious debate as to whether or not “enhanced interrogation tactics” so called constitute torture, while those responsible for the setting up of the torture program continue to defend it tooth and nail as “patriotic” and even moral, never mind the Constitution’s prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Which I suppose validates fully my above comment of a few years ago.


Emanuel Paparella2015-12-10 13:53:34
Those comments seem even more relevant this year, 2015, the year of Donald Trump's triumph in the Republican party when the Frankenstein monster turned against its maker, and his outrageous fascistic statements against human rights parading as patriotism. For shame!


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