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Has The Nobel Prize Committee Awarded the 2012 Peace prize to the EU Against the Nobel Foundation Charter and Sentiments of Alfred Nobel Himself? Has The Nobel Prize Committee Awarded the 2012 Peace prize to the EU Against the Nobel Foundation Charter and Sentiments of Alfred Nobel Himself?
by Murray Hunter
2012-10-16 08:24:19
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The 2012 Nobel Peace Prize awarded by the Norwegian Peace prize committee to the European Union could prima facie contravene the Nobel character and personal sentiments of Alfred Nobel himself, according to his will.

According to the will of Alfred Nobel made in Paris on 27th November 1895 in setting up the trust in his own words, it is clear that only individuals were intended to be recipients of the awards.

“The whole of my remaining realizable estate shall be dealt with in the following way: the capital, invested in safe securities by my executors, shall constitute a fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind….The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics; one part to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement; one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine; one part to the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction; and one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses. …".

There have on a number of occasions been awards given to organizations like the Red cross and UN Atomic Energy commission (IAEA). But these are groups of collective people who performed some specific acts, unlike the EU which is a group of nations and not a person or a citizen of any country.

Alfred Nobel specifically mentioned that a person awarded the Nobel Peace Prize be a citizen of a country...."It is my express wish that in awarding the prizes no consideration whatsoever shall be given to the nationality of the candidates, but the most worthy shall receive the prize, whether he be Scandinavian or not." Consequently according to Alfred Nobel's will of 27th November 1895, A citizen of the EU can be awarded the Nobel prize, but not the EU itself as the EU is not a person and as such can't have a nationality.

Under this issue, could the Norwegian Peace prize committee's decision be challenged in a court of law as being against the intention of Alfred Nobel's will?

This will probably never be tested which leaves the Norwegian committee free to make future absurd decisions like awarding the prize to the Sun for providing us with free energy, or the Moon for inspiring love and romance on the earth.

Just in case you are in doubt here are Alfred Nobel's own words in his will of 1895.

I, the undersigned, Alfred Bernhard Nobel, do hereby, after mature deliberation, declare the following to be my last Will and Testament with respect to such property as may be left by me at the time of my death:

To my nephews, Hjalmar and Ludvig Nobel, the sons of my brother Robert Nobel, I bequeath the sum of Two Hundred Thousand Crowns each;

To my nephew Emanuel Nobel, the sum of Three Hundred Thousand, and to my niece Mina Nobel, One Hundred Thousand Crowns;

To my brother Robert Nobel’s daughters, Ingeborg and Tyra, the sum of One Hundred Thousand Crowns each;

Miss Olga Boettger, at present staying with Mrs Brand, 10 Rue St Florentin, Paris, will receive One Hundred Thousand Francs;

Mrs Sofie Kapy von Kapivar, whose address is known to the Anglo-Oesterreichische Bank in Vienna, is hereby entitled to an annuity of 6000 Florins Ö.W. which is paid to her by the said Bank, and to this end I have deposited in this Bank the amount of 150,000 Fl. in Hungarian State Bonds;

Mr Alarik Liedbeck, presently living at 26 Sturegatan, Stockholm, will receive One Hundred Thousand Crowns;

Miss Elise Antun, presently living at 32 Rue de Lubeck, Paris, is entitled to an annuity of Two Thousand Five Hundred Francs. In addition, Forty Eight Thousand Francs owned by her are at present in my custody, and shall be refunded;

Mr Alfred Hammond, Waterford, Texas, U.S.A. will receive Ten Thousand Dollars;

The Misses Emy and Marie Winkelmann, Potsdamerstrasse, 51, Berlin, will receive Fifty Thousand Marks each;

Mrs Gaucher, 2 bis Boulevard du Viaduc, Nimes, France will receive One Hundred Thousand Francs;

My servants, Auguste Oswald and his wife Alphonse Tournand, employed in my laboratory at San Remo, will each receive an annuity of One Thousand Francs;

My former servant, Joseph Girardot, 5, Place St. Laurent, Châlons sur Saône, is entitled to an annuity of Five Hundred Francs, and my former gardener, Jean Lecof, at present with Mrs Desoutter, receveur Curaliste, Mesnil, Aubry pour Ecouen, S.& O., France, will receive an annuity of Three Hundred Francs;

Mr Georges Fehrenbach, 2, Rue Compiègne, Paris, is entitled to an annual pension of Five Thousand Francs from January 1, 1896 to January 1, 1899, when the said pension shall discontinue;

A sum of Twenty Thousand Crowns each, which has been placed in my custody, is the property of my brother’s children, Hjalmar, Ludvig, Ingeborg and Tyra, and shall be repaid to them.

The whole of my remaining realizable estate shall be dealt with in the following way: the capital, invested in safe securities by my executors, shall constitute a fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind. The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics; one part to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement; one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine; one part to the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction; and one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses. The prizes for physics and chemistry shall be awarded by the Swedish Academy of Sciences; that for physiological or medical work by the Caroline Institute in Stockholm; that for literature by the Academy in Stockholm, and that for champions of peace by a committee of five persons to be elected by the Norwegian Storting. It is my express wish that in awarding the prizes no consideration whatever shall be given to the nationality of the candidates, but that the most worthy shall receive the prize, whether he be a Scandinavian or not.

As Executors of my testamentary dispositions, I hereby appoint Mr Ragnar Sohlman, resident at Bofors, Värmland, and Mr Rudolf Lilljequist, 31 Malmskillnadsgatan, Stockholm, and at Bengtsfors near Uddevalla. To compensate for their pains and attention, I grant to Mr Ragnar Sohlman, who will presumably have to devote most time to this matter, One Hundred Thousand Crowns, and to Mr Rudolf Lilljequist, Fifty Thousand Crowns;

At the present time, my property consists in part of real estate in Paris and San Remo, and in part of securities deposited as follows: with The Union Bank of Scotland Ltd in Glasgow and London, Le Crédit Lyonnais, Comptoir National d’Escompte, and with Alphen Messin & Co. in Paris; with the stockbroker M.V. Peter of Banque Transatlantique, also in Paris; with Direction der Disconto Gesellschaft and Joseph Goldschmidt & Cie, Berlin; with the Russian Central Bank, and with Mr Emanuel Nobel in Petersburg; with Skandinaviska Kredit Aktiebolaget in Gothenburg and Stockholm, and in my strong-box at 59, Avenue Malakoff, Paris; further to this are accounts receivable, patents, patent fees or so-called royalties etc. in connection with which my Executors will find full information in my papers and books.

This Will and Testament is up to now the only one valid, and revokes all my previous testamentary dispositions, should any such exist after my death.

Finally, it is my express wish that following my death my veins shall be opened, and when this has been done and competent Doctors have confirmed clear signs of death, my remains shall be cremated in a so-called crematorium.

Paris, 27 November, 1895

Alfred Bernhard Nobel


That Mr Alfred Bernhard Nobel, being of sound mind, has of his own free will declared the above to be his last Will and Testament, and that he has signed the same, we have, in his presence and the presence of each other, hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses:

Sigurd Ehrenborg
former Lieutenant
Paris: 84 Boulevard Haussmann

R. W. Strehlenert
Civil Engineer
4, Passage Caroline

Thos Nordenfelt
Constructor
8, Rue Auber, Paris

Leonard Hwass
Civil Engineer
4, Passage Caroline

 

 

 

 


     
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Emanuel Paparella2012-10-16 11:29:13
A plausible, albeit imaginary scenario for next year’s Nobel peace award to the sun and the moon could be what follows.

The Nobel Committee is summoned in a court of law to answer the charge that it has awarded the prize to the sun and the moon thus contravening the expressed wishes of Nobel’s final testament. The whole committee shows up but the magistrate selects a representative since a committee, just like a Corporation, is not a person despite what the Supreme Court of the US has proclaimed in this regard and Mr. Mit Romney may believe.

We shall designate the representative with an R and the Magistrate with an M.

M. Good morning. You are here as a representative of the Nobel Committee to answer charges that you have dishonored and contravened the expressed wishes of Mr. Nobel in awarding the prize to the sun and the moon. How do you plead and how do you justify such a bizarre choice?

R. Not guilty your honor and moreover I shall proceed to call as witnesses two individuals who shall support the choice.

M. And who might those be?

R. Actually two Europeans: St. Francis of Assisi who revolutionized our relationship to nature, and Dante who in his De Monarchia has a vision of the unity of Europe.

M. Ah yes, no doubt those two are giants on whose shoulders we stand to see further, but have not the two been dead for more than 700 years? Had they been alive, surely they could have been excellent candidates for the Nobel Peace prize or perhaps the literature prize, but as it is, how can they help us?

R. As a matter of fact they can, your honor, since we still have the witness of their life and their writings which are still studied in all major universities of the Western World. For you see, your honor, one is the grandfather and the other the father of Italian language and literature.

M. Interesting. How so?

R. Francis of Assisi wrote the first Italian poem of Italian literature learned by all elementary school Italian children and titled the canticle of creatures or “Brother Sun Sister Moon,” while Dante wrote the first great literary masterpiece of Italian literature, the Divine Comedy, and gave Italy a national identity via language.

M. I see where you are going with Francis of Assisi, but how does Dante fit in?

R. Well, your honor, they both personified the sun and the moon. Francis begins his poem with these words “Laudato sii mi Signore per frate Sole e sora Luna” [blessed be my Lord through brother sun and sister moon] while Dante ends his masterpiece with these very words: “l’amor che move il sole e le altre stelle” [the love that move the sun and the other stars].

M. But surely those are poetic metaphors.

R. No you honor, actually both Francis and Assisi without falling into pantheism were proclaiming the sun their brother in the sense that everything that has been created is interrelated with the human being who has also been created by the love that moves them and therefore is brother or sister to those who are conscious of that fact. The revolution that Francis brings about in the medieval world is the fact that from then on, nature and all its creatures was not only to be despised as a mere temporary home for the soul and a means of material exploitation, but it was to be praised and appreciated and in fact it could be an instrument for reaching the final destination as described by Dante in his comedy. In that sense both Francis and Dante can be considered great environmentalists, medieval men, yes but perhaps more aware than us moderns who have scientifically objectified everything including man himself considered a mere biological machine.

M. I see but not completely yet, how does all of that justify awarding the prize to brother sun and sister moon?

R. In this sense your honor: modern man is under the delusion that with a few technological fixes he will dispose of the problem of environmental degradation and global warming. In reality, the problem has a deeper cause: it is the problem of the disrespect for creation and its Creator leading to the thorny problem of man’s relation to nature, considered a factory for entrepreneurship and making more money. The awarding the prize to brother sun and sister moon means that we are recovering the sense of creaturerhood and the relationship with Mother Nature. Perhaps next year we should award the prize to Mother Nature. And so, when we regain once again that consciousness, we may then hope to restore balance and harmony to a relationship gone astray. That is what the award wants to attract attention to.

M. I am beginning to see where exactly you are going with this argument, but I need more time to research it, after all it has been eight hundred years since those two gentlemen walked about in Italy, and then I wish to deliberate on it and render a final judgment. Please be back in this court next week for the final verdict on the matter.

R. Thank you your honor for your patience and greetings from Mother nature and brother fire and sister water and brother wind whom we are also considering as future candidates for the Nobel peace award. They too can be used in a destructive mode, like dynamite which Nobel invented, or in a constructive mode. It all depends on the human consciousness and human hubris or human humility.

M. May I suggest that you award the prize to St. Francis of Assisi next year?

R. Thank you for the suggestion your honor.


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