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Bulgarian report Bulgarian report
by Euro Reporter
2012-01-05 10:33:22
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Bulgaria taxes plastic shopping bags, aims to stimulate bioplastic alternative

In Bulgaria, the Parliament approved a law establishing the equivalent of a $0.10 tax on the use of plastic shopping bags as of October 1, 2012, and will increase to $0.23 in 2012, to $0.30 in 2013, and again to $0.37 by 2014. Cereplast notes on their website that this tax for all intents and purposes bans such plastic bags.  Cereplast further noted that they anticipate increased demands for their bioplastic resin as they have seen in Italy, following their ban on plastic shopping bags.

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Anti-baby pill father laments Bulgaria's demographic bust


The chemist who made possible the invention of the birth control pill has prescribed a controversial cure to reverse Bulgaria's demographic decline – Turkish migrants. Speaking in an interview for the Bulgarian daily 24 Hours, Carl Djerassi said his invention was not to blame for the demographic imbalance in Europe, which was a result of a mixture of factors. The solution, according to him, lies in leading an intelligent immigration policy. "One of the options for Bulgaria is to welcome migrants from Turkey. This is not as weird as it sounds – both countries lie on the route connecting Asia and Europe, besides Bulgaria has a big Turkish minority which is fairly well integrated," Djerassi, who is of Bulgarian origin, said. "I am not talking about fundamentalists who may threaten the ethnic peace, but for people, who may find the chance to live in Bulgaria attractive," he added.

Djerassi, now 88 years old, was one of three researchers whose formulation of the synthetic progestagen Norethisterone marked a key step in the creation of the first oral contraceptive pill. He has repeatedly said that young Europeans who fail to procreate are committing national suicide. The fall in birth rates in Bulgaria, Djerassi forecast, will lead to a real catastrophe for the country in 2050 when its population will not exceed 5, 5 million. "In 2050 some 35% of Bulgaria's population will be aged over 65. Who will be working then? This is a real catastrophe because Bulgaria will be not only a small, but also a very old country."

Carl Djerassi was born in Vienna where his father, Samuel, a Sephardic Jew originally from Bulgaria, was a doctor who specialized in VD. His mother, Alice, an Ashkenazi Jew, was a doctor who became a dentist. They divorced when he was four. From then on, he lived with his mother in Vienna, but spent his holidays with his father in Sofia. Then, in 1938, after the Anschluss, his parents remarried (although only for two days) so that Carl's mother could escape Vienna for Bulgaria, which remained a safe haven for Jews during the war. In 1939, Carl and his mother travelled to America, where his father joined them in 1948. Carl didn't return to Vienna until a few years ago, when an Austrian television company made a documentary about him. Djerassi last visited Bulgaria in the summer of 2003 and says he will be happy to come back to put on stage his latest – number nine – play.

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Bulgaria starts electronic VAT declarations


Monthly VAT declarations companies file to the National Revenue Agency (NRA) can now only be submitted online when the purchases or the sales of the firm for the respective month are more than five. The new rule is part of amendments to Bulgaria's Value Added Tax Act which enter into force on January 01, 2012.

To facilitate the mandatory electronic submission of these documents, the revenue authority has stipulated a one-month grace period, meaning that the new regulations will apply to VAT declarations for January 2012 which are to be filed by February 14, 2012. NRA reminds that companies must have an e-signature to use the service.

If the companies lack a digital signature, they can authorize another firm which has such a certificate, for instance an accounting firm, to submit declarations on their behalf using the Internet. NRA data shows that over 80% of the approximately 210 000 VAT-registered traders submit VAT documents electronically.



      
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