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Diesel users suffer more lung cancer; a simple solution is to hand Diesel users suffer more lung cancer; a simple solution is to hand
by The Ovi Team
2009-03-27 09:55:44
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Those who work with and at close proximity to diesel engines, especially lorry drivers, are at a higher risk of cancer according to a recent US study (1).  This is on top of the elevated risk of “heart disease and stroke, possibly resulting from enhanced coagulation and arterial thrombosis” such exposure gives(2).  The good news is that a British company has developed a fuel technology that is seen to significantly reduce ultra fine particulate emissions by as much as 45% (3).  Additone from ChemEcol is now available to all fleet operators in the UK.

Truckers endure such grave risks as lung cancers, heart disease and stroke all the time they run their engines.  But it’s not just the lorry drivers who are at risk.  The American study also saw that those working with the and near trucks (fork truck drivers, warehousemen, mechanics, and even office workers) are at elevated risk from these killers.  Why?

Diesel exhaust carries particulate matter; this is what colours it smoky black.  Particulates are both created by and carriers of toxic substances called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).  Many of these are known to be particularly carcinogenic, mutagenic.  Some of these particles are small enough (100nm or less) to be classified as nanoparticles.  These have been found to become distributed around the body via the blood supply once inhaled with notable deposits being found in the liver and heart.  If ingested (when particles have settled on food or in drink) they will also pass into the gastro-intestinal tract (4).

It’s not just haulage workers and their colleagues who are at risk.  Black carbon (again, part of the exhaust) exposure in city children has been shown to reduce development in terms of intelligence (5).  The particulate matter we have been looking at is known also to exacerbate respiratory complaints, allergies such as asthma and may agitate some skin complaints also.  Some studies have found that certain particulate constituents can be carcinogenic on the skin as well as when inhaled (6). 

ChemEcol (UK) Ltd. makes the combustion enhancer Additone.  The technology has been developed as a response to the grave threats posed by vehicle exhaust pollution.  ChemEcol’s products are not based on metallic catalysts, nano-technology or otherwise, as such would counteract the goal of reducing particulate pollutant emissions (the metallic particles would be exhausted along with the other emissions).  In fact this technology is based on pure hydrocarbon formulations, maintaining the physical properties of the diesel.

ChemEcol’s patented technology modifies the processes of fuel combustion inside the engine, reducing the particulates produced at the most fundamental level.  This has a beneficial side-effect of reducing fuel consumption as the PAHs otherwise produced can be considered to be wasted fuel.  This change then reduces CO2 emissions and costs by an average of 3%.

ChemEcol (UK) Ltd can be reached on +44 (0) 1707 330400, at www.chemecol.net and info@chemecol.net.

* * * * * * *

Bibliography

Lung Cancer and Vehicle Exhaust in Trucking Industry Workers:  Eric Garshick, Francine Laden, Jaime E. Hart, Bernard Rosner, Mary E. Davis, Ellen A. Eisen, and Thomas J. Smith: Environmental  Health Perspectives  volume 116 | number 10 | October 2008

Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution and Risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis: Andrea Baccarelli, MD, PhD; Ida Martinelli, MD; Antonella Zanobetti, PhD; Paolo Grillo, MD; Li-Fang Hou, PhD; Pier A. Bertazzi, MD; Pier Mannuccio Mannucci, MD; Joel Schwartz, PhD: Archives of Internal Medicine 2008;168(9):920-927

Effect of a Non-Metallic Combustion Enhancer Diesel Additive on Mass and Number Particulate Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles and Heavy Duty Engines; S. H. Ahmed, Middlesex Univ.,  H. E. Rikeit, DaimlerChrysler, S. O. Hayat, ChemEcol BV Limited; SAE Technical Paper Series 2000-01-1910

The biological effects of nanoparticles: P.A. Revell, Professor Emeritus, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering: Nanotechnology Perceptions 2 (2006) 283–298

Association of Black Carbon with Cognition among Children in a Prospective Birth Cohort Study: Suglia, S. Franco 1; Gryparis, A. 2; Wright, R. O. 1,3; Schwartz, J. 1,3; Wright, R. J. 3,4: American Journal of Epidemiology. 167(3):280-286, February 1, 2008

Evaluation of the Mutagenicity and Carcinogenicity of Motor Vehicle Emissions in Short-term Bioassays: Joellen Lwetas: Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 47, pp. 141 – 152, 1983

Contacts

Contact Neil Faulkner or Dr Omar Hayat on +44 (0) 1707 330400.

Neil can alternatively be reached on +44 (0) 7922 655156 and at neil@chemecol.net


  
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AP2009-03-27 15:44:28
We will very soon have, globally, to stop using oil derivates as fuel anyway... and these news can make that process quicker.


Mook2009-03-28 22:47:34
er, I thought diesel vehicles had particulate filters these days?


Neil Faulkner2009-04-02 13:00:39
Hi Mook,

You are right, most modern diesels have filters. however they do not filter out all the finest particulate mass, that which does the most damage.


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