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Eureka: Addendum to global culture
by Jay Gutman
2018-07-23 04:27:04
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A few extra notes on the differences between free societies, tribal societies and militarized societies.

Facial expressions

Free societies: people try to mirror the facial expressions of the person they are talking with. If there's a smile they smile back, if there's a frown they frown back. Contact tends to be initiated with a smile or calm facial expression.

glcu2_400Tribal societies: Facial expressions tend to be serious most times when dealing with other people. Frowning, looking serious or a cynical smile is common when dealing with other people. Expressions tend not to mirror those of the people they are talking to.

Militarized societies: looking anxious when dealing with people of higher status, and very heavy facial expressions, almost at the point of steaming and exploding, when dealing with people of lower status. Smiles are rare, laughing and smiling is common in cases where there's news of people getting demoted or fired.

Body language

Free societies: body language is used to emphasize a point or to render speech more intelligible by giving body language indications. Body language tends to mirror that of other people, and tends to be relaxed when sitting or while standing.

Tribal societies: body language is not encouraged and parents teach their children to sit straight and not to communicate with body language. Body language is used to give indications that cannot be uttered with speech, as in signaling that they want to change the topic, move forward, or avoid having that conversation.

Militarized societies: Lower ranking people should sit straight at all times and refrain from using body language. Higher ranked people tend to communicate with their eyes and lips, but will rarely give signals with their hands or body. Sucking teeth is common when wishing to change the topic or when a lower ranked person is not behaving according to their rank and is commonly used in countries like France, China, Japan and Korea along with Southeast Asia.

Consumer behavior

Free societies: people discuss with friends and family what products they will buy and openly discuss food and fashion. They get advice from family and friends on what the better deals are. Some like to buy cheaper items, others more expensive items, regardless of their rank.

Tribal societies: you can buy cheap items for private consumption, but do not display cheap products at home. You need brand tissues, brand clothes, brand pens and pencils, brand backpacks and brand food and drinks. Buying cheap stuff is a sign of weakness and reflects negatively on your tribe. Brand cars are a must, people will make fun of you if you buy a cheap car.

Militarized societies: people consume according to their rank. Higher ranking people buy expensive or very expensive items; lower ranking people buy cheap items. It is said that you should never have a car that is more expensive than that of your boss, a watch that is more luxurious than that of your boss, or anything more luxurious than your boss. If your boss drives a very cheap car, you should go to work with a scooter.

Dealing with lawyers

Free societies: people tend to have a lawyer they consult with when needed, either for advice or to go to court. Chatting with lawyers is common, legal shows on television are numerous and frequent, several lawyers have blogs or YouTube channels where they share legal advice.

Tribal societies: You take the case to court first then hire a lawyer. Lawyers tend to have difficulties keeping up with legal information and tend to resolve disputes through approximations. Laws tend to be vague and have little consensus, so the judge decides in the end.

Militarized societies: companies hire lawyers but lawyer have rank within the company that has nothing to do with their status as a lawyer. They could end up working as businessmen or administrative workers, and their legal skills will only be called upon if a legal case is at hand.

Dealing with doctors

Free societies: most families have a doctor they work with frequently, go on regular checkups and tend to chat with doctors a lot. People recommend doctors and dentists to each other, and describe clearly how the doctor or dentist works.

Tribal societies: doctors are considered intelligent and have a good name. Society tends not to differentiate doctors by area of specialty, and to them a doctor is a doctor, which can cause some confusion.

Militarized societies: doctors are of higher rank in society and are treated with respect and deference. Since hospitals tend to favor doctors who make patients spend a lot of cash, a lot of doctors will misdiagnose the patient so the patient can come back. You can go to the doctor with the flu, and he will tell you it's bronchitis, pneumonia, or God forbid lung cancer or throat cancer (happens in some cases). Or you could go to the psychiatrist for bullying-related anxiety, and be diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia just so you can show up to the hospital frequently. That way you will freak out and seek treatment until you are fully recovered, while the hospital makes cash. Patients are discouraged from asking doctors questions, and appointments tend to be extremely quick.

Driving habits

Free societies: traffic rules tend to be followed by a majority of people and people treat all drivers equally. Pedestrians have the way to go unless signaled otherwise.

Tribal societies: traffic laws are vague and people tend to drive with reflexes. If another driver insults you, you can become very aggressive with that drivers, at worst you might even crash your car into his.

Militarized societies: traffic is about rank. If you have a cheap car, you drive carefully. If you are a high ranking person with an expensive car, you own the road and can do as you please. Pedestrians rarely have the way to go, cars always have the priority.

Treating supervisors

Free societies: you treat your boss with kindness, respect and friendliness and expect the same treatment in return. If your boss doesn't respect you, you quit your job. You know as much about your boss as he or she knows about you.

Tribal societies: you respect your boss and he or she respects you. Your boss can nag rather frequently, but never cross the line. Your boss rarely reads your resume or knows what skills you have or what you are up to.

Militarized societies: you salute your boss; he doesn't have to salute back. You ask your boss for authorization for everything, even petty things. Your boss must keep an eye on you constantly, and every conversation you have will be viewed with suspicion.  

Treating subordinates

Free societies: you need to be competent and to do a good job teaching your subordinates to do their job. If they understand their job and perform well, you praise them and are satisfied. If they don't understand instructions and perform poorly, you fire them. But you try to make sure you are giving clear instructions first.

Tribal societies: your mind is too busy to think about subordinates. You might be inclined to gossip about them and talk about them behind their backs, but other than that you are never quite sure what it is that they are supposed to be doing.

Militarized societies: you are of higher rank than your subordinates. First you make sure they salute you. Second you make sure they are wearing the uniform. Third, you make sure they are sitting straight and getting the work done. Fourth, you make sure they seek authorization for every task that they do. You check their cell phones and computer screens in real time. You give them instructions that you forget about, and often change your mind about what tasks they are supposed to be doing.

Playing competitive individual sports

Free societies: you focus on having fun and try to be the best at your sport. Having fun is important, and so is having some kind of identity within the sport. Being ranked is important to you, but you treat every competitor equally. You play every game with equal apprehension, there is no easy competitor. The more information you have about your competitors, the better. 

Tribal societies: You represent your tribe and your clan. You hate losing and love winning. You blame your losses on all kinds of external factors like the weather or unfair refereeing. Otherwise your tribe would lose its reputation. You tend to prepare competitions with a little bit of vagueness.

Militarized societies: You train several hours a day and perfect your craft. You don't check who the competitors are, what their trends are of how they tend to play. You want to be ranked top, and want to stay on top, and other competitors are non-persons who all play alike.

Playing competitive team sports

Free societies: group solidarity and team spirit are important, so is having fun. You help your teammates and try to create a cohesive atmosphere where players play in harmony. Communication is very important, and you don't leave players out.

Tribal societies: your team represents a clan of some sort and must honorably represent the clan. You prepare every match and try not to look ridiculous in the game. To you, the important thing is that the press said that your team fought hard to win the match. You don't want to let fans down.

Militarized societies: team members are ranked and you pass the ball to the highest ranking member of the team. You don't try to find out what it is that your competitors are doing, you prepare carefully for each game without trying to anticipate your competitor's game plan. To you anticipating the opponent are useless, because you know each match is different and teams tend to use surprise attacks. You try to be fit and precise, win the games, and go up the ranks.

Job interviews

Free societies: the job interview is a conversation revolving around the interviewee's skills, network and ability to perform tasks. Interview questions are clearly stated and demand clear answers.

Tribal societies: the job interview is a conversation that has nothing to do with skills, network or tasks. Job interviews tend to be short and the rest will be a conversation on the economy or society. Most people who show up to job interviews tend to be hired. You can also get hired simply by showing up to a company without having previously applied to the company. In some cases a resume is necessary, in others it is not.

Militarized societies: job interviews are highly ritualized. Chairs are placed far back so the interviewer can read the body language. Questions tend to be indirect and tend to test the interviewee's obedience and discipline. If the interviewee slouches, uses bad body language, or hints at being of superior rank when he or she is of inferior rank, they are not hired. Interviewees tend to be placed in the same room deliberately so they know they are competing with other people. 

Resumes and cover letters

Free societies: people list all their skills and any relevant background information. There is no set format for the resume and the cover letter, applicants can use their imagination.

Tribal societies: pictures are very important when they go with applications. Nationality is another important factor, so is tribal belonging. People overqualified or underqualified tend not to be hired, most employers want the average John Doe or Jane Roe to work for the company.

Militarized societies: resumes and cover letters have mandatory formats and any resume or cover letter that does not use the format will be dismissed. Formats include pictures and relevant information, precision is mandatory, and former employers will be contacted to make sure the employee did work and get an idea of how they perform on the job.  Some important information can be banned from resumes, such as only being allowed to list one degree, meaning you can't emphasize the fact that you went to a good university.

Email use

Free societies: people send emails spontaneously, either to convey complicated information or to contact people who are not showing up to work or are on a business trip or leave .

Tribal societies: email is rarely checked and people prefer speaking face to face. Even when complicated information needs to be shared, direct communication is preferred.

Militarized societies: only the boss can send you an email, you can't spontaneously send an email to higher ranking people. Higher ranking people prefer instant messengers where they can send messages in real time and get replies in real time. Even when they are sitting next to you, they will give you order by instant messenger because they don't want to draw attention from their hierarchical superiors. 

Using breaks at work

Free societies: as long as you're getting the work done, you can use any break you want. If your job requires you to be available at all times, you can negotiate breaks, or in some cases the law mandates breaks. You prefer taking collective breaks so you can chat with colleagues.

Tribal societies: You take breaks but don't tell anyone you are on a break. You tend to hide during breaks, and take very long breaks. You then swear you did not rest for over a few minutes.

Militarized societies: When all other colleagues are taking a break, you join them for a break. The higher-ranking person initiates the break and decides when the break is over.

Work-related events

Free societies: attendance is strongly encouraged but not mandatory at work-related events that are held after work. If you had plans, you don't attend. If you want to join, you are welcome to join.

Tribal societies: work-related events can make you and your clan or tribe look bad. You avoid them at all costs. If you do attend, you sit quietly and eat very little, and talk about all kinds of allergies and dietary restrictions to divert conversation from being work-related.

Militarized societies: after-work events are mandatory and often decided a few minutes before they are held. People walk by order of rank, sit by order of rank, pick up spoons by order of rank, talk by order of rank and leave by order of rank.

Student dormitory life

Free societies: your roommates are like family and the dormitory is like one big family. You have your personal space, each cleans their own personal space, other spaces are cleaned on an egalitarian basis. You can cook for your roommates, hang out with your roommates or just chat with your roommates.

Tribal societies: You tend not to clean your dorm room and hang out with roommates to discuss sports or fashion. Your roommates are your clan, people from other rooms are not welcome.

Militarized societies: Silence inside the room is the norm, and people in the room behave by order of rank. The higher-ranking person decides if you should chat, who to invite to the room or if any activity should take place. The higher-ranking person can invite people or do activities without authorization, lower ranking roommates are not allowed to do so.  Behavior is evaluated and you can lose your dorm room for bad behavior.

Phone calls and picking up the phone

Free societies: you pick up the phone when it's people that you know and are close with who call. Otherwise, you hint  that they should leave a voice mail or send a text message to be clear about what they want.

Tribal societies: You only pick up phone calls from close friends and family. You tend to pick up but hang up quickly when it's not close friends or family.

Militarized societies: you always pick up when it's a higher-ranked person calling. If it's a lower-ranked person calling, you rarely pick up. If you're not sure, you pick up, wait to hear whose voice it is, and hang up. You also feign phone calls when things are getting heated up during meetings.

Friendship and making friends

Free societies: there are very few people you would call friends. But you are friendly with everyone.

Tribal societies: You may have friends, but keep in mind that you are the member of a clan or tribe. So you defend your clan or tribe with friends.

Militarized societies: friends are people of equal rank that you have known for a very long done. There's no point in being friendly with anyone else.

Public speeches by politicians

Free societies: politicians discuss group accomplishments and talk in terms of “we.” Every member of the team and society is important, few people are left behind.

Tribal societies: politicians discuss individual accomplishments and promises and talk in terms of “I.” “I will make peace” or “I will make sure the economy grows.” Speeches tend to be barely intelligible, contain a lot of complicated words, in some cases are very difficult to understand.

Militarized societies: politicians tend to discuss their responsibilities based on their rank. “I must make the economy grow” and “it is my duty to protect every citizen.” Speeches tend to have flat tones, tend to contain a lot of insider hints, and contain a lot of euphemisms.

Public speeches by businessmen

Free societies: businessmen promote the uniqueness of their model, the quality of their products, and the agreeableness of working for the team.

Tribal societies: businessmen tend to discuss politics, the economy and society at large. They want their company to be good for the average citizen, and to promote the welfare of citizens.

Militarized societies: they want to be world number one. All troops should be ready and focused and should strive to become world number one. Businessmen also write books where they lay down their vision to become world number one. You become number one by being obedient, conforming your rank, and when all soldiers are good soldiers.

Language learning

Free societies: motivation plays an important role when learning languages. You either learn languages out of curiosity or to be able to communicate with a specific group of people.

Tribal societies: looking good is the main motivation. Being able to communicate with other clans makes your clan look good.

Militarized societies: going up the ranks is the main motivation. Language skills are measured by standardized tests and nothing else. Being able to speak the language does not validate that you speak it, you need the test that goes with it.

When they teach you their language

Free societies: the method tends to be communication-based and students are encouraged to speak the language in the classroom. Very little grammar is taught, a lot of the focus is on conversation.

Tribal societies: teachers believe learning a language is difficult and they make it difficult. They teach all kinds of complicated grammar and difficult words, and forget to focus on the simplicities of the language. Teachers want their skill of speaking a foreign language to be highly regarded, and don't want too many people to reach their level.

Militarized societies: teachers insist that students should memorize. Memorize words, memorize grammar patterns, just memorize. Tests are based on memorization. Teachers and society will only admit that you speak the foreign language if you get high scores at the tests.

Teachers evaluating students

Free societies: teachers describe students the most accurately they possibly can. They will have a general view on the student and try to remember the main actions the student did during the term. Teachers will evaluate students in concrete ways.

Tribal societies: teachers evaluate behavior above all. For the anecdote, when I studied in tribal societies, I was calm and well-behaved, and my grades followed suit. Teachers make life easy for calm and well-behaved students, difficult for students who misbehave.

Militarized societies: teachers make life difficult for everyone. Teachers are tough, rough, tend to trash talk, and treat students like in boot camp. It's very rare for any student to get a positive assessment. I speak quite a few languages and read a lot, but that doesn't impress teachers at militarized societies. Teachers tend to only be concerned with being treated as a higher member of the organization, and will constantly remind students that they are lower-ranked members of society.

Dating and love life before marriage

Free societies: couples who date spend a lot of time together, consider each other friends, soul mates and companions. Very few topics are left off the table and the idea for couples is to have a good time. If members of the couple offend each other repeatedly, they separate.

Tribal societies: couples who date spend very little time with each other. Talking is mainly done on social media, and is mostly teasing, joking around, and are rarely being themselves. They offend each other repeatedly, yet  remain a couple.

Militarized societies: couples spend a lot of time with each other before dating, but once the dating starts, they will hardly ever see each other. Phone calls tend not to be picked up, little information is shared, and even weddings are planned separately and with little consultation. 

Life as a married couple

Free societies: married couples live together and tend to consult with each other a great deal. They let each other know where they are and what they are up to. They keep the house tidy, chat a lot and tend to be eager to get home from work.

Tribal societies: married couples tend to consult with their families a great deal, and there tends to be trouble surrounding both families, that of the husband and that of the wife. Wives teach their children to side with their family, while husbands teach their children to side with their family. Very little serious conversation takes place, and solving pressing issues tends to be delayed ad infinitum.

Militarized societies: wives tend to help their husbands be good soldiers, or in some cases grandparents will help the husband and wife be good soldiers. Husbands and wives deliberately avoid each other, and will spend as little time as possible with each other.

Divorce and divorce procedure

Free societies: divorce is a mutual agreement, and couples discuss divorce and the procedure. Divorce judges spend a lot of time trying to get true and realistic accounts of what went wrong in the marriage.

Tribal societies: men and the husband's family can initiate divorce, or in some cases the wife's family initiates divorce. If your family tells you to stay married you stay married, if your family tells you to divorce, you divorce.

Militarized societies: divorce is akin to desertion and should be a last resort. Only when the couple is suffering crushing defeats, mainly financial defeats, do they file for divorce.

Eating out and dining out

Free societies: eating out is an art and you have a list of restaurants you want to visit. You like to dine in colorful venues or in restaurants where dishes are innovative. You like to try something new each time, and often have a restaurant that you visit frequently, or that you are a regular customer at.

Tribal societies: most meals are eaten at home, and restaurants outside all serve pretty much the same food. There's no real notion of tasty food, you reason in terms of price. The cheaper the meal, the better.

Militarized societies: restaurants are ranked and if you are a high-ranking member of societies you always visit high-ranking restaurants. You are willing to pay high prices of you are high-ranking. Low ranking members of society eat at low-ranking restaurants.

Awards and award ceremonies

Free societies: the jury decides using concrete criteria who gets the award. Award ceremonies involve a lot of rituals and reminders of why the award ceremony was created in the first place.

Tribal societies: awards are decided on tribe affiliation and tend to rotate around tribes to avoid making one tribe feel jealous of the other tribe. Tribal criteria is used when awarding awards.

Militarized societies: awards are given to the most disciplined and obedient soldiers. Ceremonies involve a lot of rituals but no one really knows or wants to know who the award winner is. Award winners rarely celebrate their award afterwards.

Immigration policies and visas

Free societies: clear and concrete criteria is used for who can get a visa and who can stay in the country and for how long. Usually people who assimilate to the country tend to be granted visas and permanent residency.

Tribal societies: foreigners are not encouraged to stay in their country and are encouraged to return to their tribe once their visa expires. Why would anyone want to live outside their tribe?

Militarized societies: you demand obedience from foreign members of society as they are lower-ranked. Visas and immigration papers are strict, rarely surpass one year, and foreigners are put through all kinds of humiliating rituals to renew their paperwork. Criteria for staying in the country is dozens of pages long, and one small violation can lead to the termination of your visa. 

University graduation requirements

Free societies: graduation requirements tend to be simplified. You need to attend class and do the readings and do a few assignments and if you get passing grades in the end you graduate.

Tribal societies: you need to attend class, do the homework and get passing grades at tests. Tests tend to be difficult and dropout rates are high.

Militarized societies: universities keep adding graduation requirements every year. You not only need to attend class and get good grades, you also have mandatory field trips, foreign language test scores, internships, work obligations and have points for discipline and good behavior.

Company hiring procedure

Free societies: you just send a resume and a cover letter and if your resume and cover letter are attractive enough, you get the job.

Tribal societies: you have a better chance of getting hired if you show up at the door with your resume. A lot of anarchy surrounds who get hired and how.

Militarized societies: companies define clear criteria for who they will hire and anyone who does not fit the criteria will not be hired. In some cases it's one university and anyone who is not from that university is not hired. In other cases it's age, GPA, test scores or other black or white criteria. American universities are increasingly using the militarized model.

Professional development

Free societies: you have clubs and organizations that hold regular meetings and conferences so you can catch up on tasks related to your job with other people. Such clubs meet very frequently, and often deliver diplomas or certificates in exchange for training. Certificates or training is not mandatory, people do it just to perform better at their jobs.

Tribal societies: there is no professional development to speak of. People are too busy raising their families to think about professional development. In some cases language or presentation classes will be taken, because people need them for their job.

Militarized societies: professional development is mandatory and you need the certificates to prove that you engaged in professional development. Failing to engage in professional development can get you fired, and your boss tells you exactly where to go to get your certificate. In some cases advanced degrees are mandatory for promotions, meaning that workers will take evening advanced degree courses so they can progress in their career.

Fiction literature

Free societies: although some authors are highly regarded by the public, some smaller authors also have a following. People tend to read fiction by genre rather than by author. Some like romance, others prefer detective stories, others like drama and some like books that have comedy in them, others like very specific fiction like baseball fiction, basketball fiction, Japanese expatriate fiction, European-American fiction, you name it. There are books to read for everyone.

Tribal societies: fiction should fictionalize tribal stories. Tribal symbols should be present, traditions should be explained and followed, and taboos should be mentioned in subtle ways. Authors who best depict the tribe tend to be highly regarded.

Militarized societies: authors are ranked and people only read top-ranked authors. Top-ranked authors are encouraged to publish books on a regular basis and their books will be read on a regular basis. This means a lot of top-ranked authors will have their stories ghost written, in some cases plagiarized, because only the name counts.

Non-fiction literature

Free societies: people read science or humanities or essays and pamphlets based on their tastes. Those who like science will read lots of scientific books, those who like politics will binge on political books, those who like self-improvement will binge on self-help books.

Tribal societies: non-fiction should represent the tribe, even if myths need to be turned into reality. Non-fiction exaggerates the tribe's accomplishments and suffering, and focuses on the tribe as if the tribe were the center of the universe. 

Militarized societies: non-fiction authors are ranked and it's usually the guys with Ph.D.s from prestigious universities who teach at prestigious universities who sell a lot of books. This means they have no pressure to be original, and can plagiarize at will, or have their books ghost written. Only names sell.

Political gestures that get noticed by people

Free societies: when politicians talk about real problems clearly, they get a lot of praise. Politicians are often blamed for being divisive and not being consistent, so those who are consistent and talk about real problems tend to get a lot of praise and tend to stand out. Standing up for the poor is one example, along with standing up for the oppressed or standing up for vulnerable members of society.

Tribal societies: when politicians share anecdotes about their private life or family, that tends to get a lot of press. When politicians mention something personal, everyone talks about it.

Militarized societies: when politicians do things people from lower-ranks do, that gets a lot of press. If politicians eat at a small local restaurant, drive a cheap car or simply drive their car rather than having a driver drive their car, that gets a lot of press. Scandals also put politicians on the map, be it personal scandals or family scandals. Politicians can have to resign over their children taking bribes, which would be unthinkable in free societies. This is because in militarized societies children often use their parents' names to take bribes.

Radio shows

Free societies: radio shows are often unscripted and follow vague guidelines. People tend to be spontaneous and to talk spontaneously, and all members of the crew are equals.

Tribal societies: hosts are carefully chosen and guests are carefully chosen. Interviews tend to be scripted, and so are radio shows. Sometimes interviews are so scripted that they resemble job interviews or college essay questions. Hosts and guests represent their tribes, and often talk about their traditions.

Militarized societies: radio shows are ranked and radio hosts are ranked. High-ranking people are interviewed by high-ranking hosts. Interviews are often scripted, and guests receive the questions beforehand and are expected to give interview responses beforehand that they will read. Guests tend to be very ambiguous, and use the kind of language that fits their high-rank, that is that the average person won't understand.

Writing a newspaper article

Free societies: journalists are given vague guidelines and write an article that clearly covers the problem. Checking facts is important, and people only give their opinion when appropriate.

Tribal societies: journalism is biased, and journalists have opinions that they tend to share with the tribe. A lot of journalism is praise or criticism of politicians, praise or criticism of society, and taking sides with global affairs. Journalists tend to know very little about political, economic or social theory, a lot of the articles are in tabloid format.

Militarized societies: newspapers are ranked. Newspapers should never offend high-ranking members of society and could get in trouble for doing so. Articles tend to be very ambiguous and send readers a lot of hints, are written almost as parables or allegories of real events.

Grocery shopping

Free societies: people go grocery shopping in areas that are accessible. They tend to make lists before going grocery shopping, and buy just enough food so they can cook.

Tribal societies: when grocery shopping, shoppers are aware that there are people looking at them. They tend to buy products that would not make them lose face. So they tend to buy the more expensive items and leave out the cheaper items. Low-cost brands tend to be non-existent in tribal societies.

Militarized societies: supermarkets are ranked. High-ranking people go to high-ranking supermarkets and often buy luxury food items while low-ranking people go to low-ranking supermarkets.

Organizing the fridge

Free societies: there's no correct way of organizing a fridge. You put items in random order, and your main focus is for items to be visible and accessible.

Tribal societies: you put cheap items at the back where no one can see them and expensive items where people can see them.

Militarized societies: if you are high-ranking, only expensive items will be displayed in the fridge. If you are low-ranking, you might put a few luxury items on display.

Cleaning the house

Free societies: people buy detergent and read the instructions carefully and follow them when cleaning the house. The house is kept clean by the individual or collectively, and each person has to take turns cleaning parts of the house.

Tribal societies: women usually clean the house and don't read instructions on detergent. They clean the house using their instincts, and using traditional detergents to clean the house.

Militarized societies: women tend to clean the house and the house is cleaned meticulously. No stain should be left in the house as people notice every stain. If something is stained, it is immediately repaired.

Studying for examinations

Free societies: liberties are taken when studying for examinations. People tend to study for a few days, and take lots of rest between studying time. Students try to anticipate test questions, and may take an exam or two to evaluate their capacities. Students tend to go to tests being confident.

Tribal societies: test questions are ambiguous and there's a saying (false) that says that even Einstein failed his examinations dozens of times. Since questions tend to be ambiguous a lot of students see no point in studying for the examinations.

Militarized societies: people wake up early in the morning and sleep late at night while preparing for examinations. They memorize pages and pages of facts, and only work the examinations through memorization.

Taking a taxi

Free societies: taxis work at fixed rates and will take passengers anywhere passengers tell them to go. The further the distance, the more money you pay. Conversation with the taxi driver is important.

Tribal societies: you negotiate a price with the taxi driver and can only take a taxi at fixed places or call a taxi. The taxi driver is like a friend, you chat with him or her and don't give them orders.

Militarized societies: if the taxi driver is older, he's your boss. If he's younger, you're his boss. Taxi drivers can refuse to pick up lower-ranked people and can refuse to take lower-ranked people to their wanted destination. If a taxi driver is annoyed by a passenger, he may tell them to get out of the cab.

Taking the bus

Free societies: you take the bus alone or with friends, talk on the phone or talk with your friends. You may give up seats if you want to, but that's your call.

Tribal societies: you take the bus alone or with friends but stay quiet in the bus. You play with your phone until you arrive to destination. You may have to give up seats to pregnant women or elderly people.

Militarized societies: you take the bus alone or with friends and remain quiet. You may have to give up seats to people of higher rank. If you are clearly lower-ranked, no one will come sit next to you and people may force you to give up your seat.

What's on a political leader's mind

Free societies: political leaders try to tell the truth and try to solve problems and legislate. They listen to every side of the debate before taking decisions, and will try to tell the truth during their talks or during debates.

Tribal societies: political leaders have politicians, businessmen and army officials on their mind. They try to give a good balance to all members of the political elite, and try to make sure on tribe does not get so much more than the other tribe. In some cases, only members of one tribe can exist in political life, in other cases several tribes are represented.

Militarized societies: politicians follow ranks. They look at lists of politicians and their ranks obsessively, and try to think about where to promote, demote or relocate members of their political army. Other than that they look at statistics, first thing in the morning and last thing before they leave the office.
What's on a business leader's mind

Free societies: business leaders look at the production line, try to make sure clients are satisfied, try to make sure their staff is satisfied and try to make sure business is going smoothly and that sales are going up.

Tribal societies: business leaders try to make sure they are making profits, other than that take care of office politics. They are rarely good at solving office politics problems though.

Militarized societies; business leaders make sure they are behaving according to their ranks. It's golf in the morning, sailing in the afternoon, and sex with a couple of mistresses after dinner. They are also concerns with profits, and the higher the profits the better.

How they deal with success

Free societies: you take pride in your success, invite friends and family, and talk about your success for several weeks, until you get tired of talking about it. You also give tips to other people on how to be successful.

Tribal societies: you celebrate not with words, but with screams and fireworks. People are happy for you, but you don't talk much about your success, and move to the next step fairly quickly.

Militarized societies: no one wants to talk about your success. They want to talk about the success after the success, until you get promoted to a top spot.

How they deal with failure

Free societies: you share the failure news with family members and friends and get some kind of consolation. People  are careful not to offend you and hint at your failure, but you talk about it at length and try to move forward.

Tribal societies: you don't tell anyone that you failed unless you have to. You act like nothing happened, and make sure people don't know you failed.

Militarized societies: you become hysterical and binge on fast food and alcohol for several days. People stop talking to you and act like you don't exist. You are then stuck in a corner, and pray that someone comes and saves you. If possible, you blame your failure on family members or your spouse, and blame something they did in the past as the main cause of your failure.

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