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After UN Security Council resolution: Yemeni opponents, are looking anxiously to the blacklist After UN Security Council resolution: Yemeni opponents, are looking anxiously to the blacklist
by Abdullah A. Ali Sallam
2014-03-07 10:03:54
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During the twenty-four years of Yemeni unity age did not stop of unrest and did not happen political stability which apparently was Policy by ex-President Saleh’s regime and other strongmen who use manufacture crisis and chaos to ensure survival. Thus, the Yemeni case indicates that states use the production of chaos. ([1])  

In 1994 Civil war broke out as a result both of the discomfort at home and the political machinations of domestic elites and regional Instigations. Eventually , the civil war of 1994 was won by the former North in part due to the alliance created between The party of Yemen's former president Ali Abdullah Saleh and the Muslim Brotherhood in Yemen, known as Islah.

Last February 11 marks the third anniversary of Yemen’s 2011 uprising. The uprising removed former president Ali Abdulla Saleh from office, but left the country with more than a thousand dead and thousands more injured.

Until Nov. 23, 2011,The ex-president managed to cling to power  when he finally agreed to sign the internationally-backed Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Initiative, which in exchange for granting him immunity from prosecution transferred power to his then vice in command, Mansour Hadi. 

In November 2012 ex-President Saleh and his allies signed the Gulf Cooperation Council’s (GCC) and backed by the international community deal which gave him immunity for all crimes in exchange for him leaving power and establishing an interim government, a military commission to reform the armed forces  and draft a new constitution.  who still plays a powerful and poisonous role in the ground.

The National Dialogue Conference (NDC) One of the terms of the Gulf initiative which began in March 2013 and concluded on 25 Jan. 2014, was hold a series of meetings with more than 500 representatives encompassing all the major political parties and social factions, who attempted to find solutions to several pressing problems for Yemen. One of the key, attention-grabbing outcomes of the NDC is the transformation of Yemen into a federal state. Addressing the extreme centralization of power was one of the main demands of the protestors in 2011.

last week, UN Security Council was adopted resolution on Yemen Probably, it was Instability in Yemen is an international concern is address of the resolution No. 2140 of The U.N. Security Council which British-drafted resolution was adopted unanimously. ([2])

This resolution is the fifth in a series of UN Security Council resolutions on Yemen, where they issued two decisions during the War of 1994, Nos. 924 and 931 . The other three resolutions were issued during the years 2011 to 2014 . Recent decision No. 2140 is the most powerful of these decisions at all, because it was issued under Chapter seven of the Charter of the United Nations.

The resolution came authorized sanctions against anyone in Yemen who obstructs the country's political transition or commits human rights violations also it leaves the imposition of asset freezes and travel bans on specific individuals to a newly created U.N. sanctions committee for Yemen.

In public discourses often referred that Yemen is as a failing state ([3]), but stability in Yemen is a source of international attention especially with the presence of Al-Qaeda strongly in Yemen.

Yemen is strategically important country and the most populous country in the southern Arabian Peninsula ([4]) where around 76% of people being concentrated in rural areas(UN, 2008). Yemeni society is considered one of societies that have variety community geographically and demographically in addition to it the Arab world's poorest country is grappling an increasingly with different political groups violent that are separatist movement in the south, Houthi's militias in the north in addition to Al-Qaeda organization.   

The UN measure states that its targets include anyone committing "attacks on essential infrastructure or acts of terrorism" as well as those who violate human rights and international humanitarian law. ([5])

The resolution has been given two months to draw up a list who are impeding the country's political transition, obstructing or undermining the successful completion of the political transition" in Yemen or  seeking to undermine Yemen's state-building drive.

The resolution is not only related with disruptive political transition process and peaceful implementation of the decisions of the national dialogue, but stressed the tasks that should be performed by President  Hadi and the government, including: the appointment of  the Independent Inquiry Committee on human rights violations in 2011, a law of transitional justice, the release of detainees youth revolution. As well as drafting of a committee constitution and referendum, the new election law, and the law of the regions.

On the ground, all the contending political parties welcomed the resolution with the exception of southern secessionists who did not participate in the national dialogue, also Houthi's militias who refusal to hand over weapons. ([6])

Thus, allies of yesterday are today's opponents, are looking anxiously to the blacklist, which will be issued by the Committee of the Security Council committee, which finally mug teeth not just as a punitive measure but to eliminate and to de-fang the forces of chaos and factionalism

Yemenis also looking forward to building a new Yemen is the UN resolution to end these anarchists then beginning of a secure and stable life, I hope so.

Abdullah AbdulElah Sallam



[1] Dingli, S. (2013). Is the Failed State Thesis Analytically Useful? The Case of Yemen. Politics, 33(2), 91-100.

[2] http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/2014/125

[3] Dingli, S. (2013). Is the Failed State Thesis Analytically Useful? The Case of Yemen. Politics, 33(2), 91-100.

[4] Moayed, T. T. (2011). Yemen-Country Brief. World Bank, accessed November,1.

[5] AFP


       
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